Elephants in the Arctic

It’s nice to be tinct. You have friends. You’re somebody. If you become endangered, you’re very special.

Once extinct, you don’t get any of that. Just peace at last – no headlines, no deadlines, no peer group, thus no peer pressure.

But now even that small consolation is under siege, as scientists scheme to give new life to extinct species like the Southern gastric brooding frog of Australia – extinct since, well, the 1980s – and it’s surely a poorer world without them. The frogs, I mean, not the scientists.

Then there’s the ibex that used to frighten skiers in the Pyrenees. The ibexes (ibices?) flourished until they were killed off to harvest their horns when Pyrex kitchenware was all the rage. Actually, that’s not what happened, but the last Pyreneean Ibex did perish in 1999.

The technology is now in hand to rekindle the extinguishment.

These recent departures are ripe for cloning because their DNA is readily available. More ambitious geneticists are hoping – just hoping – to restore Neanderthals or woolly mammoths.

As Gina Kolata points out in the New York Times, the passing of the woolly mammoth left us without elephants in the arctic. The mammoths once knocked down millions of trees, leaving snow-covered grasslands to reflect the sun’s heat back into the stratosphere. And they trampled snow, strengthening the permafrost, keeping its methane locked up instead of being released as a greenhouse gas. Were the woolly mammoths to return, we might see global warming slowed or reversed in the north, or so goes the dream.

New relevance for elephants!

As for Neanderthals, we all have some of their genes – about 3% of our own genome — but kindly spare us the intrusions necessary to catalogue and collect them. “It would be a really bad idea,” says Hank Greely, director of the Stanford Center for Law and the Biosciences.

As quoted by Ms Kolata, Greely also questions the wisdom of trying to resurrect the passenger pigeon. We used to have three to five billion of them.

“They would take days to cross a city,” Greely said. “They left cities covered with an inch of guano.”

No serious researcher expects to recover viable DNA from 65 million years ago, a la Jurassic Park. As for more recent extinctions, we can happily relinquish the phantasmagoria of zombie pigeons encrusting our cities, but woolly mammoths were late survivors, too. They were last seen around 4,000 years ago, and their frozen DNA may yet be found.

So let us go on dreaming the mammoth dream. We can’t imagine the antarctic without its penguins. How can we leave the arctic bereft of its elephants?

This entry was posted in Science by Al. Bookmark the permalink.

About Al

Editors of The Horse You Rode In On (listed below) hail from Boston, Pittsburgh, and San Francisco. All contributions are signed. When guest contributors are included, their comments will be signed in a manner consistent with their needs for discretion, witness protection, or yearning for personal adulation.

7 thoughts on “Elephants in the Arctic

  1. Oh yes … it’s the trial scene in Duck Soup, Chico (‘Chicolini’) is charged with treason for selling Freedonia’s military plans to rival Sylvania. Groucho (as Rufus T. Firefly, President of Freedonia) presiding. It just goes on and on, but the joke we’re looking for:

    Firefly: (to the court) “I say, look at Chicolini…He sits there alone…a pitiable object! … Surrounded by a sea of unfriendly faces … Chicolini! Give me a number from one to ten!”

    Chicolini: “Eleven!”

    Firefly: “Right!”

    Chicolini: “Now I ask you one…What is it has a trunk but no key, weighs two thousand pounds, and lives in a circus?”

    Prosecutor: “That’s irrelevant!”

    Chicolini: “A relephant? Hey! That’s the answer! There’s a whole lotta relephants in the circus!”

  2. Yeah yeah, yeah. But the best joke in the whole movie came at the expense of Margaret Dumont, playing a society character named Mrs. Teasdale, (and Dumont, in real life, was so naive that she never understood that Groucho and S. J. Perleman were making a laughing stock of her).

    When Groucho, as President of Freedonia, is urging his soldiers to fight fiercely, he says “Remember men, you’re fighting for Mrs. Teasdale’s honor!” … then adds, with a perfectly rendered leer, ” … which is a is a lot more than she’s ever done.”

  3. Little known fact that the Republican party’s mascot is the woolly mammoth not the elephant. They like the mammoth for all it’s tramping down abilities and the fact that it’s frozen in another era.

  4. Sounds right to me. They’re also casting about nervously looking for a way to avoid extinction.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>